Segnaliamo ai lettori un articolo del Guardian, a proposito del debito crescente che grava sulle spalle degli studenti universitari del Regno Unito da che le tasse universitarie sono state elevate fino a un massimo di 9000 sterline e legate a programmi di “prestiti d’onore”. Una misura, peraltro, che non sta scoraggiando i giovani dall’iscriversi all’università, anche quando essi provengono dalle classi meno agiate. In compenso, le proiezioni delle dimensioni del debito prevedono il raggiungimento di cifre stratosferiche (330 miliardi di sterline) entro il 2044. D’altra parte, la competizione fra atenei è esplosa, generando una corsa generalizzata al marketing. Una politica sostenibile?
Callum, who is in the final year of an English literature degree at Warwick University, is more fortunate than many of his peers. He has avoided taking out additional maintenance loans by taking jobs and receiving financial support from his parents. But, according to the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), students will graduate with an average of £44,035 of debt. More alarming for the government is the IFS estimate that 73% of them will not repay their debt in full.
“You can see the figures,” says Callum, scrunching his face as he tries to remember when he signed for his loan. “You can see that you’re really screwed in an abstract way. But there’s a very real practical element you don’t get until it’s on the horizon.” What’s more immediately pressing to students is the lack of graduate job prospects. “I know friends who are graduating and going to work in call centres and shopping malls,” says Callum.